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Home > Our Work > Events > 2010 Save Lives and Recover after a Nuclear Detonation

Preparing to Save Lives and Recover
After a Nuclear Catastrophe: Implications for US Policy

Overview

"Two decades after the end of the Cold War, we face a cruel irony of history - the risk of a nuclear confrontation between nations has gone down, but the risk of nuclear attack has gone up."

— President Barack Obama, Remarks at the Nuclear Security Summit, April 13, 2010

On April 29, 2010, the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC convened an invitational conference in Washington, DC, to examine critical issues associated with response to and recovery from a nuclear detonation and to consider the policy implications of those issues. The meeting was attended by more than 150 participants, who included federal, state, and local government officials, congressional staff, policy analysts, academics, members of the media, and experienced practitioners from the public health, medical, and emergency management communities. The conference was sponsored by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Among the day's presenters were Joan Rohlfing, President, NTI; Brooke Buddemeier, Global Security Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); John Fortier, Executive Director, AEI/Brookings Continuity of Government Commission; and White House officials David Marcozzi and Tammy Taylor, both of whom spoke off-the-record. The meeting also featured 3 distinguished panels that explored some of the most difficult challenges that would face policymakers in the event of a nuclear detonation. Panelists discussed proposals for strengthening preparedness efforts. See the Conference Agenda for a complete list of speakers, panels, and presentations.

Suggested background reading:



Agenda

Watch Videos


Welcoming and Opening Remarks
Tom Inglesby, Director and CEO, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC


Nuclear Dangers—"A Strange Turn of History"
Joan Rohlfing, President, Nuclear Threat Initiative


National Response to a Nuclear Detonation
David Marcozzi, Director, All-Hazards Medical Preparedness Policy, National Security Council Staff, The White House
Mr. Marcozzi's talk was off the record.


State and Local Roles in Response to a Nuclear Detonation
Tammy Taylor, Senior Policy Analyst, National Security and International Affairs Division, OSTP Policy, Executive Office of the President, The White House
Ms. Taylor's talk was off the record.


Brooke Buddemeier, Global Security Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Video: Effects of a Nuclear Detonation in a Major City • Handout


Panel Discussion—What Are the Most Important Policies and Programs to Reduce Casualties from Nuclear Fallout?

  • Ann Norwood, Senior Associate, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC, Moderator
  • Baruch Fischhoff, Howard Heinz University Professor, Department of Social and Decision Sciences and Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Tammy Taylor, Senior Policy Analyst, National Security and International Affairs Division, OSTP, Executive Office of the President, The White House
  • Kathleen Kaufman, Director, Radiation Management Program, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health


Reconstitution of the Federal Government After an Attack: Gaps and Ways Forward
John Fortier, Executive Director, American Enterprise Institute-Brookings Continuity of Government Commission

Panel Discussion—Saving Lives After a Nuclear Detonation: Making the Best Use of Medical Resources

  • Richard Waldhorn, Distinguished Scholar, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC, Moderator
  • C. Norman Coleman, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, HHS
  • David Weinstock, Department of Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Medical Advisor, Radiation Injury Treatment Network
  • Irwin Redlener, Director, National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Columbia University
  • Ann Knebel, Deputy Director, Preparedness Planning, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, HHS


Roundtable Discussion: What Is the Response and Role of the Press Following a Nuclear Terrorist Event?
Note: At the request of the panel, this discussion was off the record.

  • Randall Larsen, Former Executive Director, Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism, Moderator
  • Mimi Hall, Journalist, USA TODAY
  • Jeanne Meserve, Correspondent, CNN


Panel Discussion—What Policies Could Enable Communities to Recover After a Nuclear Detonation?

  • Monica Schoch-Spana, Senior Associate, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC, Moderator
  • Ann-Margaret Esnard, Professor and Director, VPT Lab, Florida Atlantic University School of Urban and Regional Planning
  • Louisa Vinton, Senior Programme Manager and Chernobyl Coordinator, Western CIS and Caucasus Countries, United Nations Development Programme
  • Gavin Smith, Executive Director, Center for the Study of Natural Hazards and Disasters, UNC Chapel Hill; DHS Center of Excellence for the Study of Natural Disasters, Coastal Infrastructure and Emergency Management
  • Brian Flynn, Former Assistant Surgeon General, Associate Director, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences


The Dead Hand—The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy
David Hoffman, 2010 Pulitzer Prize-winning author


Concluding Remarks
Thomas V. Inglesby, Director and CEO, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC



Speakers

Brooke Buddemeier, CHP
Global Security Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

C. Norman Coleman, MD
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, HHS

Ann-Margaret Esnard, PhD
Professor and Director, VPT Lab, Florida Atlantic University School of Urban and Regional Planning

Baruch Fischhoff, PhD
Howard Heinz University Professor, Department of Social and Decision Sciences and Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University

Brian W. Flynn, EdD
Former Assistant Surgeon General, Associate Director, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

John C. Fortier, PhD
Executive Director, American Enterprise Institute-Brookings Continuity of Government Commission

Mimi Hall
Journalist, USA TODAY

David Hoffman
2010 Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy

Thomas V. Inglesby, MD
Director and CEO, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC

Kathleen Kaufman
Director, Radiation Management Program, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health

Rear Admiral Ann R. Knebel
Deputy Director, Preparedness Planning, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, HHS

Col. Randall Larsen, USAF (Ret.)
Executive Director, Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism

David Marcozzi, MD
Director, All-Hazards Medical Preparedness Policy, National Security Council Staff, The White House

Jeanne Meserve
Correspondent, CNN

Ann Norwood, MD, COL, USA, MC (Ret.)
Senior Associate, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC

Irwin Redlener, MD
Director, National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Columbia University

Joan Rohlfing
President, Nuclear Threat Initiative

Monica Schoch-Spana, PhD
Senior Associate, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC

Gavin Smith, PhD
Executive Director, Center for the Study of Natural Hazards and Disasters, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Department of Homeland Security's Center of Excellence for the Study of Natural Disasters, Coastal Infrastructure and Emergency Management

Tammy Taylor, PhD
Senior Policy Analyst, National Security and International Affairs Division, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President, The White House

Louisa Vinton, MA
Senior Programme Manager and Chernobyl Coordinator, Western CIS and Caucasus Countries, United Nations Development Programme

Richard Waldhorn, MD
Distinguished Scholar, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC

David Weinstock, MD
Department of Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Medical Advisor, Radiation Injury Treatment Network



Attendees

  • Gary Ackerman, START
  • Terry Adirim, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • George Alexander, GA Alexander Solutions
  • Bruce Altevogt, Institute of Medicine
  • Carol Apelt, George Washington University Medical Center
  • Manuel Aponte, Office of the Secretary of Defense
  • Randy Atkins, National Academy of Engineering
  • Sheila Avruch, U.S. Government Accountability Office
  • Judy Bader, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Tali Bar-Shalom, Office of Management and Budget
  • Cindy Bascetta, U.S. Government Accountability Office
  • Kavita Berger, American Assn. for the Advancement of Science
  • Daniel Blumenthal, U.S. Department of Energy
  • Arnold Bogis, Harvard University
  • Nidhi Bouri, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Brooke Buddemeier, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Jerome Cardt
  • Ellen Carlin, House Committee on Homeland Security
  • John Caves, NDU, Center for the Study of WMD
  • Andrew Chen, ASPR/OPEO/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Anita Cicero, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC 
  • Norman Coleman, National Institutes of Health
  • Bernard Courtney, The Tauri Group
  • Brooke Courtney, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Brian David, U.S. Department of Defense
  • Robert Davis, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Molly D'Esopo, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Dan Dodgen, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
  • John Donnelly, DC Fire and EMS
  • Joe Donovan, Beacon Capital
  • Michael Dunaway, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Joanna Engstrom-Brown, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Gerald Epstein, American Assn. for the Advancement of Science
  • Ann-Margret Esnard, Florida Atlantic University
  • Julie Fischer, Stimson Center
  • Baruch Fischhoff, Carnegie Mellon University
  • Daniel Flynn, Radiation Oncol. Dept., Holy Family Med. Ctr.
  • Brian Flynn, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress
  • John Fortier, American Enterprise Institute
  • Jackie Fox, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Crystal Franco, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Costanza Galastri, National Assn. of City & County Health Officials
  • Andrew Garrett, NDMS/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Scott Graham, American Red Cross
  • Kent Gray, U.S. Department of Energy
  • Michael Gresalfi, FEMA/U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security
  • Gigi Kwik Gronvall, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Kenneth Groves, S2-Sevorg Services, LLC
  • Nathaniel Hafer, NIH/NIAID/DAIT
  • Mimi Hall, USA TODAY
  • Dan Hanfling, Inova Health System
  • Cynthia Hansen, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Mary Beth Hansen, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Andrew Heighington, U.S. Department of Defense
  • D. A. Henderson, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Bill Hendrickson, Issues in Science and Technology
  • Gerard Hoetmer, Public Entity Risk Institute
  • Erin Hoffman, House Committee on Homeland Security
  • Chris Holbrook, California Emergency Management Agency
  • Chad Hrdina, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Tom Hu, ASPR/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Adam Hutter, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Thomas V. Inglesby, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • William Jenkins, Jr., U.S. Government Accountability Office
  • Til Jolly, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Peter Jutro, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Kathleen Kaufman, Los Angeles County Dept. of Public Health
  • Beth Kennedy, Office of the Secretary of Defense Policy
  • Lynne Kidder, Business Executives for National Security
  • Tara Kirk Sell, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Ann Knebel, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • John Koerner, ASPR/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Jonathan Kraden, Senate Homeland Security Committee
  • Randy Larsen, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Mary Lasky, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory
  • John Lathrop, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Mark Lauda, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Mark Levine, VA State Health Department
  • Dara Lieberman, Trust for America’s Health
  • Davia Lilly, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Carl Lindgren, North Arlington County Fire Dept. Office
  • Alicia Livinski, NIH/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Micah Lowenthal, National Academy of Sciences
  • David Lysy, U.S. Government Accountability Office
  • Ernest Maestas, Albuquerque Emergency Management
  • Ben Mallory, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Sarah Maloney, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Ronald Manning, BARDA/ASPR/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Monique Mansoura, BARDA/ASPR/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • David Marcozzi, National Security Staff
  • Richard Martinello, U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs
  • Derek Matthews, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Danny McClung, U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs
  • R. Allen McCurry, The McCurry Group
  • Michael McDonald, Global Health Initiatives, Inc.
  • Mike McGeary, Institute of Medicine
  • Dave McIntyre, ThinkingEnemy
  • Richard McNally, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Michael Meit, NORC at the University of Chicago
  • John Mercier, Noblis
  • Jeanne Meserve, CNN
  • Elizabeth Miller, de Beaumont Foundation
  • Paula Murrain-Hill, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Jessica Nagasako, HSGAC
  • Rick Nelson, CSIS
  • Ann Norwood, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Jennifer Nuzzo, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Gregg Pane, ASPR/U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Ryan Paris, VA Dept. of Health, Div. of Radiological Health
  • Steven Payne, DTRA
  • R. Eric Petersen, Congressional Research Service
  • Sally Phillips, AHRQ
  • Lewis Radonovich, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Laurel Radow, Federal Highway Admin., USDOT
  • Murad Raheem, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Kunal Rambhia, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Irwin Redlener, Columbia Univ. National Ctr. for Disaster Prep.
  • Joan Rohlfing, NTI
  • Al Romanosky, Maryland DHMH
  • Deborah Rosenblum, NTI
  • Bob Ross, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Benjamin Rusek, Committee on International Security & Arms Control, National Academy of Sciences
  • Marjorie Russell, Georgetown University
  • Julie Sadovich, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • Adela Salame-Alfie, New York State Dept. of Health
  • Monica Schoch-Spana, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Thomas Seed, Tech Micro Services
  • Fred Selck, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Alla Shapiro, U.S. Food and Drug Administration
  • Aarisha Shrestha, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services
  • Gavin Smith, University of North Carolina
  • Brad Smith, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Steve Sternberg, USA TODAY
  • Clare Stroud, Institute of Medicine
  • Kate Summers, U.S. Senate Sergeant at Arms
  • Charles Swan, U.S. Department of Defense
  • Benn Tannenbaum, American Assn. for the Advancement of Science
  • Tammy Taylor, White House Office of Sci. & Tech. Policy
  • Thomas Tenforde, NCRP
  • Eric Toner, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Price Tyson, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • RADM W. C. Vanderwagen, Martin Blanck and Assoc.
  • Jen Venero, National Marrow Donor Program
  • Dan Vergano, USA TODAY
  • Louisa Vinton, United Nations
  • Richard Waldhorn, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • Matthew Watson, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC
  • David Weinstock, Harvard University
  • Scott Wells
  • Bob Whitcomb, U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prev.
  • Jordy Wommack, NMDHSEM
  • Kevin Yeskey, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services

 

 

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