Our interactive features invite in-depth exploration of complex topics
in health security, biosecurity, and preparedness and response.
Bunn M, Morozov Y, Mowatt-Larrsen R, et al. The U.S.-Russia Joint Threat Assessment of Nuclear Terrorism. Cambridge, MA: Report for Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies; June 6, 2011. http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/Joint-Threat-Assessment%20ENG%2027%20May%202011.pdf. Accessed July 19, 2011.
The White House. National Security Strategy. May 2010. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/national_security_strategy.pdf. Accessed March 15, 2011.
Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism. The Clock Is Ticking: A Progress Report on America’s Preparedness to Prevent Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism. October 21, 2009. http://www.preventwmd.com/static/docs/report/WMDRpt10-20Final.pdf. Accessed March 23, 2011.
Meade C, Molander RC. Considering the Effects of a Catastrophic Terrorist Attack. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Center for Terrorism Risk Management Policy; 2006. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/2006/RAND_TR391.pdf. Accessed March 28, 2011.
National Security Staff Interagency Policy Coordination Subcommittee for Preparedness and Response to Radiological and Nuclear Threats. Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation. 2d ed; 2010. http://www.remm.nlm.gov/PlanningGuidanceNuclearDetonation.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Buddemeier BR, Dillon MB. Key Response Planning Factors for the Aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism. 2009. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Document prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.hps.org/hsc/documents/IND_ResponsePlanning_LLNL-TR-410067web.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Buddemeier B, Wood-Zika A, Doshi P. Training Document: Shelter and Evacuation Strategies (LA). Department of Homeland Security. June 25, 2010.
Obama B. Speech at the Nuclear Security Summit; April 13, 2010; Washington, DC. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/realitycheck/the-press-office/remarks-president-opening-plenary-session-nuclear-security-summit. Accessed June 28, 2010.
Commission on the Prevention of WMD Proliferation and Terrorism. World at Risk: The Report of the Commission on the Prevention of WMD Proliferation and Terrorism. December 2008. http://www.preventwmd.gov/report/. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Bunn M. Securing the Bomb 2008. Cambridge, MA, and Washington, DC: Project on Managing the Atom, Harvard University, and Nuclear Threat Initiative; November 2008. http://www.nti.org/e_research/Securing_the_bomb08.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Statement for the Record of Charles E. Allen, Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, U.S. Department of Homeland Security before the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Hearing on Nuclear Terrorism: Assessing the Threat to the Homeland, April 2, 2008. http://hsgac.senate.gov/public/_files/040208Allen.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Carter AB, May MM, Perry WJ. The day after: action following a nuclear blast in a U.S. city. Washington Quarterly 2007;20(4):19-32.
National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. Day Three: Regional Resiliency and Health Challenges in the Aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism. 2010.
The White House Homeland Security Council. National Planning Scenarios: Executive Summaries—Created for Use in National, Federal, State, and Local Homeland Security Preparedness Activities. April 2005. https://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/report/2004/hsc-planning-scenarios-jul04_exec-sum.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Carter AB, May MM, Perry WJ. The Day After: Actions in the 24 hours Following a Nuclear Blast in a Major American City. Workshop Report. http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/dayafterworkshopreport_may2007.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Orient JM, Lucas KA, Abrams HL. Medical resources after nuclear war. JAMA 1984; 253(10):1389-1390.
Oklahoma Department of Civil Emergency Management. After Action Report Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Bombing. http://www.ok.gov/OEM/documents/Bombing%20After%20Action%20Report.pdf. Accessed March 29, 2011.
Lapp RE. Nuclear weapons: past and present. Science and Public Affairs: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 1970;26(6):103-106.
Glasstone S, Dolan PJ. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: United States Department of Defense and the Energy Research and Development Administration; 1977.
Ferlic KP. Fallout: Its Characteristics and Management. Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute Technical Report AFRRI TR83-5. Bethesda, MD; December 1983. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA140111. Accessed August 6, 2011.
The Nature of Radioactive Fallout and Its Effects on Man. Hearings before the Special Subcommittee of Radiation of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. Congress of the United States. Eighty-fifth Congress. May 27-29 and June 3, 1957.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). Responding to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Incident: A Guide for Decision Makers. NCRP report no. 165. Bethesda, MD: NCRP; 2010.
Brandt L, Yoshimura AS. Analysis of Sheltering and Evacuation Strategies for an Urban Nuclear Detonation Scenario. SAND2009-3299. Sandia National Laboratories; May 2009.
Planning Guidance for Protection and Recovery Following Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) and Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) Incidents. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Department of Homeland Security. Fed Regist 2008;73(149):45029-45048.
Lindell MK, Perry RW. Planning and preparedness. In: Waugh WL, Tierney K, eds., Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. 2d ed. Washington, DC: ICMA Press; 2007:113-141.
Wood MM, Mileti DS, Kano M, Kelley MM, Regan R, Bourque LB. Communicating actionable risk for terrorism and other hazards. International Journal of Risk Analysis. In press.
Knebel AR, Coleman CN, Cliffer KD, et al. Allocation of scarce resources after a nuclear detonation: setting the context. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2011; 5:S20-S31.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Developing and Maintaining Emergency Operations Plans: Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 101, Version 2.0. Washington, DC; November 2010. http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/divisions/npd/CPG_101_V2.pdf. Accessed May 31, 2011.
Patton A. Collaborative emergency management. In: Waugh WL, Tierney K, eds., Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. 2d ed. Washington, DC: ICMA Press; 2007:71-85.
McBurney RE. A Plan for Incorporating Local Volunteer Radiation Professionals into Existing Health Volunteer Programs to Assist in Population Monitoring. Frankfort, KY: Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors; March 2011.
Buddemeier B. Reducing the consequences of a nuclear detonation: recent research. The Bridge 2010;40(2):28-38. http://www.nae.edu/Publications/Bridge/19804/19920.aspx. Accessed March 30, 2011.
Mileti DS, Wood MM, Kano M, Kelley MM, LB Bourque LB. Motivating public preparedness. International Association of Emergency Managers Bulletin 2011;28(4): 9,12.
Mileti DS, Bourque LB, Wood MM, Kano M. Motivating public mitigation and preparedness for earthquakes and other hazards (invited paper). Journal of Hazard Mitigation and Risk Assessment Spring 2011:25-31.
Mileti DS, Kuligowski ED. Evidence-Based Guidance for Public Risk Communication and Education. START Research Brief. September 2006. http://www.start.umd.edu/start/publications/research_briefs/20060926_mileti.pdf. Accessed June 20, 2011.
Radiation Studies Branch, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Population Monitoring in Radiation Emergencies: A Guide for State and Local Public Health Planners. August 2007. http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/population-monitoring-guide.pdf. Accessed March 29, 2011.
National Research Council. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness: An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation’s Preparedness Efforts. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2010.
Klepeis NE, Nelson WC, Ott WR, et al. The National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS): A Resource for Assessing Exposure to Environmental Pollutants. http://eetd.lbl.gov/IE/pdf/LBNL-47713.pdf. Accessed May 16, 2011.
Stein BD. The Role of Schools in Meeting Communities’ Needs during Bioterrorism. The Public as an Asset, Not a Problem: A Summit on Leadership during Bioterrorism. Washington, DC; February 3-4, 2003. http://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/our-work/events/2003_public-as-asset/Transcripts/stein.html. Accessed May 6, 2014.
U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. American Housing Brief from the American Housing Survey: 1995. July 1997. http://www.census.gov/prod/2/constr/ahb/ahb-9501.pdf. Accessed May 20, 2011.
Mileti DS, Sorensen JH. Communication of Emergency Public Warnings: a Social Science Perspective and State-of-the-art Assessment. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. ORNL-6609. August 1990.
Committee on Public Response to Alerts and Warnings on Mobile Devices: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps; National Research Council. Public Response to Alerts and Warnings on Mobile Devices: Summary of a Workshop on Current Knowledge and Research Gaps. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2011. http://www.nap.edu/catalog/13076.html. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Domestic Resilience Group, IND Response Sub-IPC, Nuclear Detonation Response Communications Working Group. Nuclear Detonation Preparedness: Communicating in the Immediate Aftermath. Approved for Interim Use, Department of Homeland Security, September 2010. http://www.remm.nlm.gov/NuclearDetonationPreparedness.pdf. Accessed August 8, 2011.
Bean H, Mileti D. RCPGP warning system integration research project; Los Angeles /National Capitol Region/New York—Final Report. National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START). November 2010.
Turner RH. Rumor as intensified information seeking: earthquake rumors in China and the United States. In: Dynes RR, Tierney, KJ, eds. Disasters, Collective Behavior and Social Organization. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press; 1994:244-256.
Nelson A, Sigal I, Zambrano D. Media, Information Systems and Communities: Lessons from Haiti, Communicating with Disaster Affected Communities. John S. and James L. Knight Foundation; 2011. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/F156DD1E2F9D2D0085257815005DD82F-Full_Report.pdf. Accessed August 6, 2011.
‘Radiation’ text message is fake. BBC News Technology March 15, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-12745128. Accessed April 1, 2011.
Palen L, Anderson KM, Mark G, et al. A vision for technology-mediated support for public participation & assistance in mass emergencies & disasters. Presented at: Association of Computing Machinery and British Computing Society’s 2010 Conference on Visions of Computer Science; April 14-16, 2010; University of Edinburgh. http://www.bcs.org/upload/pdf/ewic_vs10_s4paper2.pdf. Accessed August 6, 2011.
Poulson K. First hand reports from California wildfires pour through Twitter. Wired October 23, 2007.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. NCRP Commentary No. 19: Key Elements of Preparing Emergency Responders for Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism. Bethesda, MD: NCRP; December 31, 2005.
Kaufman K. Presentation at Preparing to Save Lives and Recover after a Nuclear Detonation: Implications for U.S. Policy; conference convened by the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC. Washington, DC; April 29, 2010. Video recording available at http://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/our-work/events/2010_after_nuclear_detonation/event_videos/index.html. Accessed May 6, 2014.
Lindsay BR. Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service; April 29, 2010. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL34745.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Rural Preparedness Planning Guide: Planning for Population Surge Following Urban Disasters. Western New York Public Health Alliance. http://www.norc.org/pdfs/projects/emergency%20preparedness%20planning/rural_guide_main_and_appendices.pdf. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Identification and Analysis of Factors Affecting Emergency Evacuations. NUREG/CR-6864. Sandia National Laboratories. Prepared for U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. January 2005. https://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/nuregs/contract/cr6864/. Accessed August 6, 2011.
Strategic Planning Guide for the Evacuation of a Highly Urbanized Environment. Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness. Government of Canada; 2002. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/D82-42-2003E.pdf. Accessed August 6, 2011.
Regional Health and Public Health Preparedness for Nuclear Terrorism: Optimizing Survival in a Low Probability/High Consequence Disaster. Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. The Center for Public Health Preparedness; 2010. https://academiccommons.columbia.edu/catalog/ac:126140. Accessed August 6, 2011.
Nuclear Incident Communication Planning—Final Report. Homeland Security Institute. March 15, 2009.
Wein LM, Choi Y, Denuit S. Analyzing evacuation versus shelter-in-place strategies after a terrorist nuclear detonation. Risk Anal 2010;30(9):1315-1327. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2010.01430.x/abstract. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Benjamin GC, McGeary M, McCutchen SR, eds. Assessing Medical Preparedness to Respond to a Terrorist Nuclear Event: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2009. http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12578. Accessed August 5, 2011.
Perry RW, Lindell MK. Preparedness for emergency response: guidelines for the emergency planning process. Disasters 2003;27(4):336-350.
Perry RW. Disaster exercise outcomes for professional emergency personnel and citizen volunteers. Journal of Contingency Crisis Management 2004;12(2):64-74.
Becker SM, Middleton S. Improving hospital preparedness for radiological terrorism: perspectives from emergency department physicians and nurses. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2008;2(3):174-184.
Becker SM. Risk communication and radiological/nuclear terrorism: perceptions, concerns and information needs of first responders, health department personnel, and healthcare providers. In: Johnson RH, ed. Radiation Risk Communication: Issues and Solutions. Madison, WI: Medical Physics Publishing; 2010:271-280.