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J Public Health Manag Pract 2018;24(4):360-369
Local health departments (LHDs) help rally communitywide efforts to manage disasters with health impacts. This responsibility emerged as a centerpiece of the nation’s response to the 2001 terror attacks, including federal public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) grants to local and state health agencies. Encouraged PHEP capabilities include risk communication, building coalitions that integrate businesses and community- and faith-based organizations (CFBOs), opening emergency planning to public input, and mobilizing volunteers. National standards for local public health preparedness also feature community preparedness, including multisector partnerships, vulnerable population initiatives, and 2-way exchanges (eg, town hall meetings, public strategy sessions).