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Executive Government Positions of Influence in Biodefense: The Bio-Plum Book

Ari Schuler, Joseph Fitzgerald, Thomas V. Inglesby, Tara O’Toole
Date posted:
December 15, 2004
Publication type:

Biosecur Bioterror 2004;2(4):328-341

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Available on publisher's website
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Full article as PDF


In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks and the subsequent anthrax mailings, the U.S. government has paid more attention to the issue of bioterrorism, allocating more than $14 billion from FY2001 to FY2004 for the creation of new programs and government positions to combat this threat.1 This additional funding for and interest in biodefense has created a number of new senior biodefense positions and has given new prominence to existing biodefense jobs in the federal government.

The purpose of this article is to provide a list of influential and potentially influential federal biodefense positions in both appointive and career tracks. This article is modeled on the “Plum Book,” which lists the top appointive positions throughout the federal government, including Executive Schedule, non-competitive Senior Executive Service, and Schedule C positions, with some senior career federal civil service positions included for completeness. Officially titled United States Governmental Policy and Supporting Positions, the Plum Book is published after each presidential election and provided as a resource for an incoming administration to aid in the appointment of senior leaders throughout the government. Such a list is of particular value at a time of presidential transition, when the potential exists for a major turnover of senior government leadership.

The House Committee on Governmental Reform alternates every four years with the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs in updating the document, which is assembled from agencies’ submittals of existing positions and from information provided by the Office of Personnel Management. The structure of the biodefense positions listed in this article is consistent with the format of the official Plum Book; the authors have added brief descriptions of positions’ scope of authority.



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