Skip Navigation
CHS blue logo square
Home > Our Work > All Publications > 2017


Our publications keep professionals informed on the most important developments and issues in health security and biosecurity.

Find an article or report by keywords:

Find an article or report or see all by area, author, or year:


Improving Biosurveillance Systems to Enable Situational Awareness During Public Health Emergencies

Jennifer Nuzzo
Date posted:
January 16, 2017
Publication type:

Health Security, Vol 15, January 2017

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Available on Publisher Website
See also:

Over the past 10 years, US health security has been threatened by a series of infectious disease events: the 2009 influenza outbreak, the emergence of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, and the rapid spread of Zika virus throughout the Americas. In each of these events, inadequate information has delayed initial detection of the outbreak, and a lack of understanding about the underlying epidemiology of the viruses hindered control efforts. As the ongoing US response to Zika illustrates, delays in detecting and responding to outbreaks can exacerbate their human and economic tolls. While the United States continues to struggle to understand how Zika virus can spread and cause serious disease, more than 37,000 cases have already been identified in the United States and its territories. Each one of these cases must be investigated by health authorities to ensure that they do not spread their infection. In particular, pregnant women must be followed closely, as Zika can cause fetal death or severe birth defects. It is estimated that each baby who is born with Zika-related birth defects will cost families and the US healthcare system up to $10 million.



Our Mission

To protect people’s health from epidemics and disasters and ensure that communities are resilient to major challenges.