Skip Navigation
Explore our COVID-19 Resources and Updates
CHS blue logo square
Home > Our Work > All Publications > 2011


Our publications keep professionals working across the public, private, and academic sectors informed on the most important developments and issues in health security and biosecurity.

Find an article or report by keywords:

Find an article or report or see all by area, author, or year:


Response to the Sudden Closure of St. Vincent’s Hospital: Learning from a Real, No-notice, Prolonged Surge Event

Amesh A. Adalja, Matthew Watson, Samuel Wollner, Kunal J. Rambhia, Eric S. Toner
Date posted:
April 15, 2011
Publication type:

Biosecur Bioterror 2011;9(2):153-161

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
DOI: 10.1089/bsp.2011.0002
Open access
See also:

Full article available on publisher's site: HTML • PDF


We qualitatively examined the impact of the permanent closure of St. Vincent’s Hospital in New York City on the remaining hospitals in the area and analyzed how these hospitals responded to this event. We conducted a descriptive survey consisting of interviews with clinical (n=24) and administrative (n=11) staff from 4 hospitals in lower Manhattan after the sudden closure of St. Vincent’s Hospital. These hospitals experienced a sudden and sustained increase in patient volume. Each was faced with specific constraints (eg, finances, physical plant, bureaucracy), but they developed similar strategic responses. Generally applicable principles included: soliciting innovative ideas from clinical staff, reexamining previous proposals to improve efficiency, fast-tracking stalled capacity-building projects, and focusing on improving patient care and flow. Three broad tactical themes were apparent: increases in staff and staff hours, use of alternative sites of care, and implementing novel ways of operating. The impact on hospital operations resulting from the closure of St. Vincent’s Hospital is a surrogate medical surge event and met thresholds for activating emergency operations plans. Novel operating methods used in response to this surge event offer practical and broadly applicable principles that might improve medical surge management in other hospitals.



Our Mission

To protect people’s health from epidemics and disasters and ensure that communities are resilient to major challenges.